ERUPTION ALERT – November 2011 eruption of Nyamulagira
Information report n°2 – 10th November, 2011
On 6th November 2011, 5:55 PM (UTC+2), Nyamulagira volcano has started to erupt after two days of intense seismic activity. This eruption is located ± 11 km east of the Nyamulagira main edifice, close to one of the 1989 eruptive sites. The previous eruption of this volcano occurred in January 2010, i.e. 22 months before this event.
According to seismologists of the Goma Volcano Observatory (GVO), an intense seismic activity was observed since Friday 4th November 2011. This activity was characterized by swarms of both long and short period earthquakes and persisted until the eruption. Since the eruption start, the seismic activity is only characterized by tremors.
Since the beginning of the eruption, field observations are scarce. There is still no information about the length of the lava flow and its evolution.
There is currently no evidence of abnormal activity on Nyiragongo volcano.
Information from remote sensing
The thermal monitoring of the eruption using MODVOLC allow us estimating the path followed by the lava flow as well as its maximum length. The Figure 1 shows that the lava is flowing northward and already crossed several kilometers after only few days.
NASA Global Sulfur Dioxide Monitoring (http://so2.gsfc.nasa.gov)
Contact: Simon Carn (firstname.lastname@example.org)
According to the OMI imagery, a large gas plume was detected over the Virunga volcanoes on 7th November 2011 (Fig. 2). On 9th November, the gas plume already covers a large part of the DR Congo (Fig. 3).
Special acquisitions of Hyperion, ALI, ASTER and ENVISAT-ASAR images have been requested. First acquisitions are scheduled for the end of this week. More information will be available soon.